Home Industrial Furnaces and Ovens IPSEN Vacuum Furnace Schematic Htk Metal Furnace Range Carbolite Gero Ipsen Vacuum Manual
Brief description from IPSEN Vacuum Furnace Schematic above :
The radiant section is where the tubes receive almost all its heat by radiation from the flame. In a vertical, cylindrical furnace, the tubes are vertical. Tubes can be vertical or horizontal, placed along the refractory wall, in the middle, etc., or arranged in cells. Studs are used to hold the insulation together and on the wall of the furnace. They are placed about 1 ft (300 mm) apart in this picture of the inside of a furnace.